Where's Charley?
This hilarious musical farce of disguised chaperones and young love features the music of the incomparable Frank Loesser.
Show Essentials
7
Roles
+ Ensemble
G
Rated
2
Acts

Full Synopsis

Act One

The setting is Oxford University in the year 1892, where a group of college seniors are bidding farewell to the years gone by ("Salad Days"). In his dorm room, the graduating Jack Chesney is talking excitedly with his butler, Brassett, making sure that luncheon will be ready for later that afternoon. He is so excited, because his roommate, Charley Wykeham, has gone to the train station to meet his aunt, Donna Lucia D'Alvadorez, who is coming in from Brazil for a visit. Having Charley's aunt there as chaperone will make it quite easy for their two girl friends, Kitty Verdun and Amy Spettigue, to come for a visit.

Charley does returns – but without his aunt. Apparently, she was never on the train. After reading her letter more carefully, Charley realizes that he made a mistake – she will be coming on a later one. Not having Charley's aunt there will make it impossible for the girls to stay – no decent girl would remain with two young men, unchaperoned. The girls arrive early and just as expected, decide that they must leave – not seeing Charley's Aunt Donna Lucia ("Better Get out of Here"). Actually, they are more worried about being caught by their guardian, Mr. Spettigue (Amy's uncle), who keeps a tight reign on the girls. The girls do leave.

After the girls' departure, the boys are a bit depressed; nevertheless, they know that the girls will return when Charley's Aunt is there. In the meantime, Charley tries on his costume for the upcoming student production in which he is appearing. While Charley is doing this, Jack's father, Sir Francis Chesney, makes a surprise visit and informs his son that they are actually penniless. Jack suggests that a wealthy marriage could possibly alleviate their problems and suggests that Charley's rich widow Aunt Donna Lucia might just be the woman for his father to wed. All that Sir Francis needs to do is charm her when she comes for lunch later that day. The plan seems to be perfect.

After Jack's father leaves, Charley re-enters in costume, rehearsing his lines for the school play. It appears that he will be playing a rather mature older woman – much like his Aunt Donna Lucia. Just then, he is informed by telegram that his aunt will not be arriving for lunch. Instead, she will surprise him at a later date. Jack is upset most of all, because this will be his last chance to propose to Kitty – tomorrow, she leaves for Scotland. The young ladies unexpectedly appear again, assuming that a chaperone is there, and in a fit of desperation, Jack suggests that Charley pose as his aunt – anyway, he's wearing the costume right now. Charley does pose as his aunt and fools the girls. They cover for Charley, saying that he's not feeling well and has retired to his room.

The girls' guardian, Mr. Spettigue, comes looking for the girls, and everyone rushes out to hide from him – everyone except Charley, who stays to tell Mr. Spettigue that she is "the only young lady present." She finally hits him with her fan and says, "Be gone my good man and don't bother me any longer." Utterly baffled and confused, Mr. Spettigue leaves, and the girls and Jack return. Sir Francis then enters the scene and escorts Charley to lunch, all ready to woo a rich woman into marriage. Just then, Mr. Spettigue re-enters and sees the girls there, just as he suspected. He is quite angry until he learns that this "woman/chaperone" who dismissed him only a few moments ago is actually the wealthy Donna Lucia D'Alvadorez from Brazil – "where the nuts come from." He, too, is smitten by this rich, available widow and is ready to make his move. Together, Sir Francis, Charley and Mr. Spettigue go off to lunch. It's Charley's job to keep them occupied. Jack, Kitty and Amy all go off to watch the parade and look for Charley.

The scene shifts to a street where the students' band is marching. Everyone is excited by what they hear and see ("The New Ashmolean Marching Society and Students' Conservatory Band").

In a garden, Charley is returning from having just entertained both men. Charley is ready to change back into his regular clothes and go find Amy, who must be wondering where he is. Jack is still frantic and begs Charley to continue for a short while longer so that he can talk with Kitty. Charley doesn't care – he has had just about all that he can take and goes off to change and find Amy. Kitty comes looking for Donna Lucia, but instead finds herself alone with Jack. It is there that the two are finally able to express their undying love and devotion for each other ("My Darling, My Darling").

Jack's father finds Kitty and Jack together and asks to speak with his son. It appears as though he is going to take his son's advice and marry Donna Lucia. Jack tells him that this is impossible; however, Sir Francis is now more determined than ever. Charley then appears as himself and finally gets to talk with Amy. He apologizes for his absence and rushes to talk to Amy about their future together before her uncle returns and whisks her away. While Charley only wishes to propose marriage and speak of a future together, Amy only wants to speak of the future – a time of progress with wireless telegraphy, horseless carriages and stereopticons that move ("Make a Miracle").

Mr. Spettigue enters to find Amy with Charley and tells her to collect her things. They are leaving for good! He has been waiting for far too long for Donna Lucia and is now ready to take Amy home. In a desperate moment, Charley tells Mr. Spettigue that his aunt really is in love with him. In fact, she's up in Charley's room right now, resting from the emotional shock of meeting him. He knows that she'll be back soon. It's just that she has some business to attend to – like writing letters to her banks. The greedy Mr. Spettigue agrees to wait and ponders his possible future – and fortune – with Lucia ("Serenade with Asides").

Charley returns as Donna Lucia, and chases Mr. Spettigue around the garden. In the midst of all of this, Jack informs Charley that his father is going to propose to him. In fact, Sir Francis enters and asks Charley to marry him. Charley turns him down but runs off again as he hears a playful Mr. Spettigue approaching.

In the midst of all of this, a woman (Charley's real aunt) enters and approaches Sir Francis about finding Charley. As the two look at each other, they realize that they know one another from more than twenty years ago. Sir Francis doesn't know that she is actually Charley's rich Aunt Donna Lucia; in fact, he points out to her that Charley's aunt is right there with them – running around, being chased by Mr. Spettigue. She is quite intrigued by it all and poses as Mrs. Beverly Smythe to survey the situation better. The two then look at each other once more and recall that time long ago when they first met ("Lovelier Than Ever").

Jack and Charley are going over things, and Kitty and Amy enter to inform Jack that the only way that they'll get to marry the girls is to get Mr. Spettigue's consent in writing. The girls also confide in Charley that they are actually really in love with Charley and Jack, but if they don't get consent to the marriages in writing from Mr. Spettigue, they will be financially cut off for good. Charley agrees to get the written consent from Mr. Spettigue and goes off to do so. Kitty and Jack leave Amy alone to think about Charley and all that is happening. Just where has Charley been? She's crazy about him but can't help thinking that he's off with another girl – possibly the girl who she saw in a picture sitting on his piano ("The Woman in His Room").

Brassett enters and sets tea. Charley returns, still dressed as his aunt, and tells Amy that Charley has sent a message to her – he loves her very much. Sir Francis and the real Donna Lucia (still posing as Beverly Smythe) enter and unexpectedly join them for tea. During a madcap tea party, Donna Lucia presses Charley for information about his/her life in Brazil. Charley tells her about the place where Donna Lucia lived – Pernambuco. A song and ballet sequence (seen through Charley's eyes), revealing just how Donna Lucia and her rich husband met and lived together, ends the first act. ("Pernambuco")

Act Two

The act opens with the Oxford senior graduates posing for their class picture – complete with caps and gowns. They are all there except for Charley. He promised that he'd be there ("Where's Charley?"). Fortunately, he does make it there – just as the picture is being taken.

Walking along a street, Charley tries to explain all of his disappearances to Amy, who tries her best to believe him. She also tells him that her uncle is ready to sign a wedding consent form, but Donna Lucia must meet him to get the document. Charley assures her that "she'll" be there but also tells her that he can't be there at the same time. She doesn't quite know what is going on, but she trusts him and is excited about marrying him. She leaves Charley alone, and there on that street, he thinks about Amy – the most wonderful girl in the whole world ("Once in Love with Amy").

Later that day, the girls are in the dressing room preparing themselves for the evening's big dance. While dressing and primping, they also go over all of the most recent events ("The Gossips"). Kitty drags a reluctant Charley – once again dressed as Donna Lucia – to the dressing room. The real Donna Lucia enters and has a good bit of fun making Charley feel uncomfortable while all the ladies ready themselves for the evening's fun. The ladies all eventually leave, and Charley is left alone to talk with Mr. Spettigue, who comes to play with his new love. Charley fights off Mr. Spettigue's forced advances and finally demands that he be given the letter of consent that has been promised all along. If Mr. Spettigue goes and gets the letter right now, Charley promises that they can announce their own engagement at the ball. Mr. Spettigue dashes off excitedly to get the letter and meet his love at the ball.

Strolling down a garden path, Donna Lucia asks Sir Francis if it isn't strange that they have never seen Charley and his aunt together at the same time. Sir Francis has no interest in any of that. All he cares about is dancing the night away with his long-lost love. The same is true of Jack and Kitty. In fact, everyone is dancing the night away in love ("Red Rose Cotillion"). Charley even makes an appearance as himself to keep poor little Amy happy and content.

Mr. Spettigue finally appears and announces the engagement of Kitty and Amy to Jack and Charley. He gives Charley (again dressed as his aunt) the letter of consent. Charley sneaks off and reappears as himself once more. Mr. Spettigue wants to see Charley's aunt one more time, so Charley goes to get her. Mr. Spettigue asks to see Charley, the nephew, once again, and a rather "tired" Charley dashes off to get him. While rushing, Jack accidentally steps on the hem of Charley's skirt, and all is "revealed." Charley admits to Amy and everyone else that he did it all because of love. Mr. Spettigue is angry and doesn't care that they are in love. Charley tells him that they have the letter of consent, which is all they need. Mr. Spettigue fights them by telling them that he will dispute this. The real Donna Lucia finally steps forward and says that, indeed, the letter of consent was addressed to her and is a legal document – and she puts her blessing on the wedding. There is nothing that Spettigue or anyone else can do. All is forgiven, and everyone (except for Mr. Spettigue) is happy ("My Darling, My Darling – Reprise").

Casting

Casting

Cast Size: Flexible Cast Size
Cast Type: Ensemble Cast
Dance Requirements: Standard

Character Breakdown

Jack Chesney
A young, stubborn, impetuous college senior from Oxford University. He is rich and also Charley's roommate.
Gender: male
Age: 20 to 25
Vocal range top: G5
Vocal range bottom: D4
Charley Wykeham
Very comic. Feckless, physical, and fast-paced. He is a college senior at Oxford University, roommate of Jack's, and boyfriend to Amy.
Gender: male
Age: 20 to 25
Vocal range top: Eb5
Vocal range bottom: Bb3
Kitty Verdun
Jack's refined, honest, slightly reckless girlfriend. She finds herself madly in love with Jack and close friends with Amy.
Gender: female
Age: 20 to 25
Vocal range top: G5
Vocal range bottom: E4
Amy Spettigue
Sweet, clever, well-mannered and loves her boyfriend. She is close friends with Kitty.
Gender: female
Age: 20 to 25
Vocal range top: F5
Vocal range bottom: Bb3
Sir Francis Chesney
Jack's single father. He is clueless and Donna's long lost love.
Gender: male
Age: 45 to 60
Vocal range top: G5
Vocal range bottom: Db4
Mr. Spettigue
The girls' stuffy, money-hungry elder who is the guardian and financial supporter of Kitty and Amy's. He, too, finds himself to be in love with Charley's "aunt."
Gender: male
Age: 40 to 50
Vocal range top: C5
Vocal range bottom: B3
Donna Lucia D'alvadorez
The real aunt of Charley. She is a warm, wealthy, globetrotter from Brazil.
Gender: female
Age: 40 to 50
Vocal range top: G5
Vocal range bottom: Db4
Ensemble
Girls; Boys; Students
Full Song List
Where's Charley?: Overture
Where's Charley?: Better Get Out Of Here
Where's Charley?: The New Ashmolean Marching Society And Students' Conservatory Band
Where's Charley?: My Darling, My Darling
Where's Charley?: Make A Miracle
Where's Charley?: Serenade With Asides
Where's Charley?: Lovelier Than Ever
Where's Charley?: The Woman In His Room
Where's Charley?: Pernambuco
Where's Charley?: Where's Charley?
Where's Charley?: Once In Love With Amy
Where's Charley?: The Gossips
Where's Charley?: At The Red Rose Cotillion
Where's Charley?: Finale

Show History

Inspiration

Where's Charley? is George Abbot's adaptation of the original play, Charley's Aunt by Brandon Thomas. A classic college farce, Charley's Aunt opened in London in 1892 and broke all historic records for plays of any kind, lasting some 1,466 performances. It went on to inspire four film adaptations and a commercial Broadway run before being adapted by Abbott and Loesser into the musical hit, Where's Charley?

Productions

Where's Charley? is a musical with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser and a book by George Abbott. The story is based on the 1892 play, Charley's Aunt by Brandon Thomas.

Under the direction of the legendary George Abbott and equally revered choreographer George Balanchine, Where's Charley? premiered on Broadway on October 11, 1948, at the St. James Theatre. A huge success, the musical continued its run for 792 performances before closing on September 9, 1950. The original cast starred Ray Bolger, of The Wizard of Oz fame, who won the Tony Award for Best Actor for his role.

The musical then set out on a U.S. touring production and returned to Broadway, opening at The Broadway Theatre for 48 performances, from January 29, 1951, to March 10, 1951. Bolger reprised his role and Abbott again directed.

In 1952, Warner Brothers produced a film version of the musical, directed by David Butler and starring much of the original Broadway cast, including Ray Bolger reprising his role as Charley.

Following on the tails of its hit status in the U.S., Where's Charley? lept across the pond and after a trial run at the Opera House in Manchester, the musical opened in the West End at the Palace Theatre on February 20, 1958, running for 404 performances. It was directed by William Chappell with an entirely British cast that was led by Norman Wisdom as Charley.

Circle in the Square then produced a revival of Where's Charley? on Broadway, opening on December 20, 1974, after twenty previews and running until February 23, 1975. Raul Julia led the cast and was Tony-nominated in the role of Charley.

In 2001, a West End revival was staged in Regent Park's Open Air Theatre as a part of their summer repertory season, running from July 26, to August 16, 2001, and then from March 17-20, 2011, Where's Charley? finally made its way back to New York in a semi-staged production presented as a part of New York City Center's Encores! series. The cast featured Rebecca Luker and Howard McGillin, with Rob McClure as Charley; the production was directed by John Doyle.

Cultural Influence

  • Where's Charley? was the first Broadway show by Frank Loesser, who had made a name for himself as a popular songwriter in revues. It immediately demonstrated the master's easy command of wit and romance, sophistication and hi-jinks. Where's Charley? launched Loesser into the songwriting stratosphere and led to later hit musicals, such as Guys and Dolls and How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying.
  • Inspired by the show and role that won him a Tony Award for Best Actor, Ray Boger's ABC sitcom was titled "Where's Raymond?" in its first season in 1953-1954. In the second season, the series was renamed "The Ray Bolger Show."
  • A Where's Charley? cast album was recorded by the original London cast and released by Angel Records.
  • In 1952, Warner Brothers produced a film version of Where's Charley?, based on the musical adaptation and largely featuring the original Broadway cast.

Trivia

  • The 1975 Broadway revival of Where's Charley? received five Tony Award nominations and four Drama Desk Award nominations.
  • During his stint in the title role on Broadway, Ray Bolger brought the house lights up on the audience nightly, midway through "Once in Love with Amy," and led them in a merry sing-along. It was a show-stopping number, lasting nearly seven minutes.
  • George Balanchine had also worked with Bolger on his previous biggest hit, the groundbreaking On Your Toes, twelve years before Where's Charley?.
  • Loesser's score, much appreciated by the press and the public, has remained largely obscure. This is most likely attributed to a dispute between the musicians' union and the record industry – resulting in a recording ban during the 1948-49 Broadway season that disallowed the making of a cast album. Where's Charley? remained undocumented until a British version was released in the 1960s.
  • In a tribute to the stage musical upon which it was based, and in which most of the cast had originally starred, the movie version of Where's Charley? ends with each of the principal cast members taking a curtain call.
  • Although Warner Bros. and the Loesser estate each finally expressed an interest in making the film available in the future, as of 2014, the 1952 film version of Where's Charley? has never been released onto VHS or DVD for home viewing.

Critical Reaction

"The most scrumptious English tea, with precisely cut cucumber sandwiches, warm scones, fresh clotted cream and a cake tray piled high, could hardly be more satisfying than the sweet, silly, thoroughly enchanting revival of the 1948 musical Where's Charley? ...Impeccable on every level, ...the score blooms onstage."
– The New York Times

"An ear-tickling array of ballads, marches and waltzes."
– New York Daily News

"Difficult not to love."
– Talkin' Broadway

"Delightful.... The spirit of old-fashioned musical comedy is alive and well."
– Variety

"As silly and sweet as its premise... [it fits the innocent spirit of the farce like a snug pair of high-button shoes."
– Los Angeles Times

"Infectiously enjoyable."
– The Guardian

Theatre World Award

1949 - Best Debut Performance, Winner (Byron Palmer)
1949 - Best Debut Performance, Winner (Allyn Ann McLerie)
1975 - Best Debut Performance, Winner (Marcia McClain)

Best Actor in a Musical

1949 - Tony Award -, Nominee (Best Actor in a Musical)

Tony® Award

1949 - Musical Performance, Winner (Ray Bolger)
1949 - Best Actor in a Musical, Winner (Ray Bolger)
1975 - Best Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Raul Julia)
1975 - Best Featured Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Tom Aldredge)
1975 - Best Featured Actress in a Musical, Nominee (Taina Elg)
1975 - Actor (Musical), Nominee (Raul Julia)
1975 - Best Costume Design, Nominee (Arthur Boccia)
1975 - Choreographer, Nominee (Margo Sappington)
1975 - Best Choreography, Nominee (Margo Sappington)
1975 - Costume Designer, Nominee (Arthur Boccia)
1975 - Supporting Actor (Musical), Nominee (Tom Aldredge)
1975 - Supporting Actress (Musical), Nominee (Taina Elg)

Drama Desk Award

1975 - Outstanding Choreography, Nominee (Margo Sappington)
1975 - Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Jerry Lanning)
1975 - Outstanding Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Raul Julia)
1975 - Outstanding Actress in a Muscial, Nominee (Marcia McClain)
1975 - Outstanding Choreography, Nominee (Margo Sappington)
1975 - Outstanding Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Raul Julia)
1975 - Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical, Nominee (Jerry Lanning)
1975 - Outstanding Actress in a Musical, Nominee (Marsha McClain)

Connect

Billing

Based on Brandon Thomas' Charley's Aunt

Requirements

You must give the authors/creators billing credits, as specified in the Production Contract, in a conspicuous manner on the first page of credits in all programs and on houseboards, displays and in all other advertising announcements of any kind.
Percentages listed indicate required type size in relation to title size.
WHERE'S CHARLEY?
 
Based on Brandon Thomas' "CHARLEY'S AUNT"
 
Book by
GEORGE ABBOTT
Music and Lyrics by
 FRANK LOESSER
 
 
****Any change of any kind in the manuscript, stage business or performance of the Play made by anyone shall be deemed to be a part of the Play and shall belong to the Licensor and the Licensor shall not be obliged to make payment to any person suggesting or making such changes unless they have entered into a bona fide written collaboration agreement with the Licensor to do so.***
The videotaping or other video or audio recording of this production is strictly prohibited

Included Materials

ItemQuantity Included
LIBRETTO15
PIANO VOCAL SCORE2
VOCAL BOOK24

Production Resources

Resource
HOW DOES THE SHOW GO ON-10/CS
HOW DOES THE SHOW GO ON?
PRODUCTIONPRO
REFERENCE RECORDING

STANDARD ORCHESTRATION

InstrumentationDoubling
BASS
CELLO
HORN
PERCUSSION
REED 1COWBELL , FLUTE , PICCOLO
REED 2CONGA , ENGLISH HORN , OBOE
REED 3CLARINET , WASHBOARD
REED 4CLARINET , WASHBOARD
REED 5BASSOON , CUBAN DRUM
TROMBONEMARACAS , TROMBONE
TRUMPET
TRUMPET 3
VIOLA
VIOLIN
VIOLIN 2
VIOLIN 3